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Czech Art Historian Adalbert Birnbaum and His Controversy with Strzygowski´s Theories on the Origins of Early Christian Architecture

Citace: [] HEČKOVÁ, P. Czech Art Historian Adalbert Birnbaum and His Controversy with Strzygowski´s Theories on the Origins of Early Christian Architecture. Bielsko-Biała, Poland, 2012.
Druh: PŘEDNÁŠKA, POSTER
Jazyk publikace: eng
Anglický název: Czech Art Historian Adalbert Birnbaum and His Controversy with Strzygowski´s Theories on the Origins of Early Christian Architecture
Rok vydání: 2012
Autoři: Mgr. Petra Hečková Ph.D.
Abstrakt EN: The Czech art historian Adalbert Birnbaum (1877 - 1934) became famous as a leading expert in history of mediaeval architecture and conservation of cultural heritage, and engaged in scholarly topics focused on Czech art history. However, the beginnings of his research career during the first years of the 20th century are associated with the Vienna School of Art History and with issues discussed by its main representatives Alois Riegl and Franz Wickhoff: reassessment of the Roman art and the art of Late Antiquity, which was usually seen as a period of decline. As a student of Institut für Österreichische Geschichtsforschung, Birnbaum also attentively reflected the development of personally tuned polemics between Max Dvořák and Alois Riegl on the one side and Joseph Strzygowski on the other. His most important contribution to the topic is treatise on the architecture of Ravenna in late antiquity, which was published in Czech in 1916 and 1921. In this book Birnbaum has brought the evidence of the continuous development of the architectural forms on the Italian soil without any relationship to the Orient. In all of his works Birnbaum clearly held the judgments of his teachers, in sharp opposition to the theories of Joseph Strzygowski. Birnbaum´s last great dispute against Strzygowski is dated by 1924 - 1925 when the "Orient-oder-Rom debatte" touched the question of origins of early mediaeval architecture in Czech lands.
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