Variability of Early Bronze Age funerary rite on the basis of bioarchaeological and archaeological evidence
PANKOWSKÁ, A. Variability of Early Bronze Age funerary rite on the basis of bioarchaeological and archaeological evidence. Levice, Tekovské muzeum, 2013.
|Anglický název:||Variability of Early Bronze Age funerary rite on the basis of bioarchaeological and archaeological evidence|
|Autoři:||Mgr. Anna Pankowská|
|Abstrakt EN:||An increase in the diversity of Early Bronze Age (EBA) burial practices is well documented in central and southern Moravia between 2200–1500 BC. Apart from scarce cremations and pithoi burials, two more frequent parallel burial types appear. One is the standard burials in cemeteries, the other burials in settlement pits. Thanks to recent excavations and new quantification procedures, however, abundance of settlement burials as well as uniformity and predictability of body deposition and grave equipment in pit burials has been shown. My intention is to show the existence of two parallel burial rites on the basis of bioarchaeological and archaeological evidence. I focus on the reconstruction of health and social status of individuals buried in settlement pits and graves. The results show a discordance of the sample as regards sex and age. More females of lower age and children than males were buried in pits whereas more males of higher age than females and children were buried in graves. The results confirmed an increase of disease and trauma occurrence with higher age. Although the both samples represent entire demographic spectrum of a population and both trauma and diseases correlate rather with age than with burial type, both burial types show differences on the horizontal level of social stratification. Sex relations are different in either of the burial types. Pit Burials show higher inequality between males and females than grave burials. Males show higher social heterogeneity in general. Male Pit Burials are less frequent than male graves, often contain younger individuals, fewer grave goods of low variability, and the deceased lie in more variable positions. Female burials are similar in both groups. Male part of the community seems to have been more heterogeneous. Pit Burials may reflect a social change within the community and a more significant stratification among male individuals, typical i. a. for patrilocal communities.|