The Vienna Circle and Wittgenstein
SCHUSTER, R. The Vienna Circle and Wittgenstein. Bucharest, Romania, 2014.
|Anglický název:||The Vienna Circle and Wittgenstein|
|Autoři:||Mgr. Radek Schuster Ph.D.|
|Abstrakt EN:||The historiographical talk is focused on the cooperation between Wittgenstein and members of the Vienna Circle in the late 1920s and in the early 1930s. Particularly work of Friedrich Waismann and his thankless role as an interpreter and disseminator of Wittgenstein's thought are investigated. The presentation proceeds in the following steps: First, both the purport and historical development of the project "Logik, Sprache, Philosophie" that originally should have presented ideas of "Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus" and later Wittgenstein's new thoughts in a systematic way are reconstructed. Second, the "principle of verification" and its application not only to empirical propositions but also to mathematical ones - the meaning of a mathematical concept as the use of the concept and the sense of a mathematical sentence as a method of its verification, and conceptions of "hypothesis" and "criteria" are explained. Third, an origin of ideas, an insufficient acknowledgement to Wittgenstein and a question of plagiarism is considered especially with respect to Carnap's paper "Die physikalische Sprache als Universalsprache der Wissenschaft" (1932) and Waismann's paper "Über den Begriff der Identität" (1936). Forth, a character of the personal relationship among Waismann, Schlick and Wittgenstein is outlined on the ground of correspondence that survived in the Nachlass of the three and other members of the Vienna Circle. These four expository steps should serve as arguments for further discussion about, on the one hand, Wittgenstein's purported reluctance to set up a general and systematic theory of semantics which would be in accordance with scholarly standards and, on the other hand, Waismann's alleged plagiarism of Wittgenstein work.|