Where throwing out rubbish? Reflexion of waste management and study of waste areas in the towns in Bohemia and Moravia in High Middle Ages.
ČAPEK, L. Where throwing out rubbish? Reflexion of waste management and study of waste areas in the towns in Bohemia and Moravia in High Middle Ages.. Glasgow, 2015.
|Anglický název:||Where throwing out rubbish? Reflexion of waste management and study of waste areas in the towns in Bohemia and Moravia in High Middle Ages.|
|Autoři:||Mgr. Ladislav Čapek Ph.D.|
|Abstrakt EN:||Production of waste is a direct result of formational processes, in which the artefacts and ecofacts discarded from the systemic context become part of the archaeological context. Waste is for the reason widely valuable category in behavioral archaeology, because study of discard behaviour identifies specialized human activities they may reflect the social and economic status of households, consumption habits or spatial organization within the settlement areas. Waste has two dimensions – temporal and spatial. Spatial-temporal dimension can be seen as a progress in waste management and its distribution within the settlement areas. Waste in developed societies, that are aware of the negative attributes of waste such as its smell and filthiness, is usually deposited in spatially defined refuse areas. In the town in the Middle Ages appear systematic waste handling regulations, in the form of its removal and displacement from public areas to spatially defined refuse areas – municipal and private trash heaps, middens, cesspits, wells or other sunken features (rubbish traps). This change in the maintenance processes is evident in the towns in Bohemia and Moravia from the 2nd half of 13th century to the turn of 13th/14th centuries and it is one of the manifestations of advanced urbanization. This paper focuses on the waste management in the medieval towns in Bohemia and Moravia in the 13th - 15th century. Special attentions is paid on study of refuse areas and selected examples of different strategies dealing with domestic and municipal waste through the study of the distribution of artefacts and ecofacts.|