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Comportements de subsistance au Paléolithique supérieur en Crimée : analyse archéozoologique des couches 6-2, 6-1 et 5-2 de Buran-Kaya III

Citace:
CRÉPIN, L., PÉAN, S., GALETOVÁ, M. Comportements de subsistance au Paléolithique supérieur en Crimée : analyse archéozoologique des couches 6-2, 6-1 et 5-2 de Buran-Kaya III. Anthropologie (L'), 2014, roč. 118, č. 5, s. 584?598. ISSN: 0003-5521
Druh: ČLÁNEK
Jazyk publikace: fre
Anglický název: Subsistence behaviours during the Upper Palaeolithic in Crimea: Zooarchaeological analysis of layers 6-2, 6-1 and 5-2 of Buran-Kaya III
Rok vydání: 2014
Autoři: Laurent Crépin , Stéphane Péan , Mgr. Martina Galetová Ph.D.
Abstrakt EN: The rockshelter of Buran-Kaya III (Crimea), found in 1990 by A. Yanevich, presents an exceptional stratigraphic sequence ranging from the Middle Palaeolithic to the Neolithic. The cultural layers yielded abundant assemblages of lithic and bone industries, personal adornments and mobiliary art, several ones made of mammoth ivory. We present here the results of zooarchaeological analyses of the large mammal remains from layers 6-2, 6-1 and 5-2, attributed to Gravettian sensu lato, and their interpretation in terms of subsistence behaviours, by comparing the three assemblages. The faunal composition of the three layers is rather homogeneous. The site settlements seem mainly related to the acquisition and treatment activities of small and middle-sized mammals, especially saiga antelope in summer, and large-sized mammals, in winter in 6-1 and maybe also in 5-2. During Gravettian, Buran-Kaya III was repeatedly used as a butchery or short-termed camp-site, probably in summer for hunts of saiga antelope.
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