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Excavator bias and laboratory techniques of cremation burials

PRŮCHOVÁ, E., PANKOWSKÁ, A., MONÍK, M. Excavator bias and laboratory techniques of cremation burials. Vilnius, Litva, 2016.
Jazyk publikace: eng
Anglický název: Excavator bias and laboratory techniques of cremation burials
Rok vydání: 2016
Autoři: Mgr. Erika Průchová , Mgr. Anna Pankowská Ph.D. , Mgr. Martin Moník Ph.D.
Abstrakt EN: The aim of our research is to assess three methods of analysis of cremation burials: computer tomography (CT); micro-excavation; sieving of burial infill. We used eight burials from Jev čko- P edměst site (Czech Republic) for the purpose of the study. Four burials were sieved and four burials were micro-excavated and scanned by CT. Burials under the study comprised “pit” burials, urn burials and urn-sherd burials. Results show significant bias caused by possible indelicate handling by the excavator. The most useful method for analyzing highly fragmentary burnt bones appears to be computer tomography (CT) together with microexcavation. When only CT is used, the precise bone identification is not possible, whereas during micro-excavation tiny objects like metal slags can be overlooked, dislocated fragments lost, and burial volume measured imprecisely. Combination of the two methods ensures that the excavator reconstructs activities of past populations and not results of his/her own procedure.
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