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Wittgenstein on Probability: Walking the Line between Logic and Epistemology

Citace:
SCHUSTER, R. Wittgenstein on Probability: Walking the Line between Logic and Epistemology. Contributions of the Austrian Ludwig Wittgenstein Society, 2016, roč. XXIX, č. srpen, s. 226-228. ISSN: 1022-3398
Druh: ČLÁNEK
Jazyk publikace: eng
Anglický název: Wittgenstein on Probability: Walking the Line between Logic and Epistemology
Rok vydání: 2016
Autoři: Mgr. Radek Schuster Ph.D. ,
Abstrakt CZ: It is supposed that after Wittgenstein had abandoned the doctrine of elementary proposition his thinking about probability moved from the logical to the epistemological aspect. However, as I show in the first part of this paper, the logical definition of probability also has its constitutive epistemological basis, namely in our knowledge of hypothetically assumed laws of nature. The second part is focused on Wittgenstein?s later analyses of observed relative frequencies which still appeal to a priori logical calculus. In conclusion, I argue that the seemingly indecisive results of Wittgenstein?s analyses prove that we use judgments of probability because we are reluctant to switch over from logic to epistemology and vice versa by means of induction.
Abstrakt EN: It is supposed that after Wittgenstein had abandoned the doctrine of elementary proposition his thinking about probability moved from the logical to the epistemological aspect. However, as I show in the first part of this paper, the logical definition of probability also has its constitutive epistemological basis, namely in our knowledge of hypothetically assumed laws of nature. The second part is focused on Wittgenstein?s later analyses of observed relative frequencies which still appeal to a priori logical calculus. In conclusion, I argue that the seemingly indecisive results of Wittgenstein?s analyses prove that we use judgments of probability because we are reluctant to switch over from logic to epistemology and vice versa by means of induction.
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